Having left the parcel firm last month, Lombard will take up the position vacated by former chief executive Jean-Louis Demeulenaere.
She will oversee the firm's transport and logistics division, Geodis Calberson.
Jean-Louis Demeulenaere is leaving Geodis to “pursue new projects”, according to a company statement issued yesterday.
The appointment comes as of a governance shake-up by the board of directors, which sees former chairman and chief executive Pierre Blayau become chairman.
Guillaume Pepy, chairman of parent company SNCF, said: “Given the crisis in volumes in the goods transport sector, I fully support the changes made by Pierre Blayau.
"The arrival of Marie-Christine Lombard at the SNCF group as chief executive officer of Geodis will strengthen the teams, and ready Geodis for a new phase of profitable growth. She will place all her skills at the service of the transport and logistics division.”